Classification of children's clothing fabrics
Clothing fabric is the material used to make clothing. As one of the three elements of clothing, fabric can not only interpret the style and characteristics of clothing, but also directly affect the color and shape of clothing. Generally speaking, children's clothing fabrics should have the characteristics of comfortable wearing, sweat absorption, breathability, drape and stiffness, visual comfort, and soft touch.
The modeling characteristics of different materials and fabrics and their application in clothing design are briefly introduced as follows:
1. Soft fabric:
Soft fabrics are generally light and thin, with good drape, smooth modeling lines, and natural stretch of clothing outlines. Soft fabrics mainly include knitted fabrics and silk fabrics with scattered fabric structures, and soft and thin hemp yarn fabrics.
2. Very cool fabric:
The cool fabric has clear lines and a sense of volume, which can form a plump clothing outline. Common cotton, polyester-cotton, corduroy, linen and various medium-thick wool and chemical fiber fabrics.
3. Transparent fabric:
The transparent fabric is light and transparent, with an elegant and mysterious artistic effect. Including cotton, silk, chemical fiber fabrics, etc., such as georgette, satin silk, chemical fiber lace, etc.
The characteristics of common clothing fabrics are as follows:
1. Cotton cloth:
Cotton is mostly used to make fashion, casual wear, underwear and shirts. Its advantages are that it is easy to keep warm, soft and close to the body, hygroscopic, breathable, and does not generate static electricity. The disadvantage is that it is easy to shrink and wrinkle, and the appearance is not very crisp and beautiful, and it must be ironed frequently when wearing.
Linen is a kind of cloth made of various hemp plant fibers. It is generally used to make casual wear and ordinary summer wear. Its advantages are high strength, moisture absorption, thermal conductivity, and good air permeability. Its disadvantage is that it is not very comfortable to wear, and the appearance is rough and blunt.
Silk is a general term for various silk fabrics woven from silk as raw material. Its strengths are thin, fit, soft, smooth, breathable, colorful, lustrous, elegant and comfortable to wear. Its shortcomings are that it is easy to wrinkle, easy to fit, not strong enough, and fades quickly.
Wool is a general term for fabrics woven from various types of wool and cashmere. It is usually suitable for making casual suits and coats. Its advantages are wrinkle-resistant and wear-resistant, soft to the touch, elegant and crisp, elastic and warm. Its disadvantage is mainly that it is more difficult to wash.
5. Chemical fiber:
Chemical fiber is the abbreviation of chemical fiber. It is a textile made of fibers using polymer compounds as raw materials. Usually it is divided into two categories: artificial fibers and synthetic fibers. Their common advantages are vibrant colors, soft textures, crisp drape, and smooth, comfortable fit. Their disadvantages are poor wear resistance, heat resistance, hygroscopicity and air permeability, easy to deform when heated, and easy to generate static electricity.
Blending is a fabric made by mixing natural fibers and chemical fibers in a certain proportion, which can be used to make various garments. Its advantage is that it not only absorbs the advantages of cotton, hemp, silk, wool and chemical fibers, but also avoids their respective shortcomings as much as possible, but the chemical fiber content should be controlled in skin-contacting fabrics, generally 5% is appropriate.
Clothing fabrics are classified according to the weaving method and can be divided into woven fabrics and knitted fabrics. Woven fabric yarns are interlaced in a vertical fashion, so they are firm, stable, and have relatively low shrinkage. Knitted fabric is a structure in which the warp yarns form a loop, and the new loop passes through the previous loop. The fabric formed in this way has the characteristics of softness, warmth and sweat absorption.
The raw materials and dyes for making fabrics should strictly implement national standards, especially for skin-contact fabrics, and the content of formaldehyde and other harmful substances should be strictly controlled to avoid permanent damage to children. Children's clothing should preferably use pure natural fabrics, especially pure cotton fabrics.